"Centuries before Columbus, a Viking-Indian child may have been born in Iceland" [National Geographic]
Through DNA tests, scientists have found 80 living Icelanders with a genetic variation similar to one found mostly in Native Americans.
Experts believe that the DNA mutation entered the Icelandic population around A.D. 1000 with one Viking-Native American baby being born.
It is known that Vikings reached Greenland before that year and Newfoundland on the East coast of Canada where they formed a small settlement. That settlement lasted about 10 years.
the study team concluded that the Icelanders who carry the Native American variation are all from four specific lineages, descended from four women born in the early 1700s.
Those four lineages, in turn, likely descended from a single woman with Native American DNA who must have been born no later than 1700, according to study co-author Ebenesersdóttir.
All in all it's a fascinating glimpse into Viking history and a new (although not surprising) concept which had not been proven before the DNA testing.
DNA tests are a wonderful new tool for genealogists as well as archeologists and historians. I've had my autosomal and mtDNA tested at two labs - Family Tree DNA and 23andMe.com. I highly recommend it for all genealogists. You can read various blog posts about the process and the results of my testing at DNA Journey