Several years ago I spotted this Q & A online and I tucked it away thinking one day I wanted to write about names and the perils of genealogy research if you are not open minded enough ....
What do Sean Gough, Jean Lefevre, Giovanni Ferrari, Juan Herrero, Ivan
Kowalski, Hans Schmidt, Jan Kowalski and Janos Kovacs have in common?
Answer: In Ireland, France, Italy, Spain, Russia, Germany, Poland and the Czech Republic, respectively, all are John Smith.
a great reinforcer of the idea that as genealogists we need to look
beyond what we are familiar with. We need to think outside the box.
Coming from a North American culture we might assume if we find an
ancestor named Janos Kovacs that it's an unusual name. Not so!
about spelling? How often have you found a name in a census or other
genealogy record, that was close but not exactly the name you were
looking for? Don't discard it! Look at other clues - spouse, children,
ages, occupation, location - could it be your ancestor? Remember
spelling didn't "count". Census takers and other clerks wrote what they
heard (phonetically). Accents confused the ears.
My own ancestor's surname was Vollick. Sometimes it was rendered as Follick. Other variations I have found in documents are Valck, Volk, Valic, Falic, Folic. Why "V" and "F" interchangeably? Because the Dutch-German "V" can sound like "F" to English speaker's ears.
My immigrant ancestor's 'real' name was Van Valkenburg!
How would I ever have found my ancestor if I hadn't kept an open mind
and looked at other clues? And much to my initial surprise, Van Valkenburg is not an unusual name.
true example from my own ancestry - when Leonard-Tremi Le Roy left
Quebec for New York, his name was misinterpreted by Dutch recorders as
"Jonar" and then "Jonas". His surname Le Roy (pronounced Le Raw) was
misinterpreted as Larrowa which evolved into Larroway.
aware that bad handwriting, inability to spell, accents, and other
events can change an ancestor's name - and don't be so quick to assume,
for example, that Leonard-Tremi Le Roy is not your 5x great grandfather
Jonas Larroway. If both men have the same wives and children, same birth
year, same place of birth, and name siblings who are identical, you can
be pretty sure that you've just stumbled into the confusing maze of
names in genealogy research.