|Original Image copyright Brian L. Massey|
One of the exclusive projects I have on Olive Tree Genealogy website is a project to reconstruct the names of passengers on board ships sailing from Holland to New Netherland (New York) in the 17th century.
All "passenger lists" for travel from The Netherlands to New
Netherland 1654-1664 came from information on the debit side of the
West India Company Account Book. They show who owed money
when they arrived.
These accounts were made from
the records of the West India Company, by order of the English
rulers after the confiscation of the Company's property in New
Netherland, and as assets of or debts due the Company, and to be
collected by the English. The list seems to stop with the Eendracht which arrived
on 19 July 1664. The English took over in Sept 1664 so that may
have been the last passenger ship to arrive before that date.
This account book is found in New Netherland Colonial
Mss, vol. 14, Book KK. The lists of Passengers to New Netherland in the Year Book of the Holland Society of New Netherland 1902:1-37 were taken from this Account Book
Typical fare was 36 florins; half that for young children; and
nothing for nursing infants.
Thus we do not have "passenger lists" as we think of them, for this time period, because the only names are those who dstill owe money for passage.
reconstructed the names of those sailing on various ships from the
following sources. Please note that not every source was used to
reconstruct every ship. I have indicated which sources were used for
The Eendracht sailed from Amsterdam on January 25, 1624. the following names have been reconstructed from other sources.
- Abstracts from Notarial Documents in the Amsterdam Archives by Pim Nieuwenhuis published in New Netherland Connections in series Vol. 4:3,4; Vol. 5:1-3 (hereafter NNC)
- Early Immigrants to New Netherland 1657-1664 from The Documentary History of New York (hereafter EINN)
- Settlers of Rensselaerswyck 1630-1658 in Van Rensselaer Bowier Manuscripts (hereafter VRB)
- E. B. O'Callaghan's Calendar of Historical Manuscripts in the Office of the Secretary of State, Albany NY (hereafter CHM)
- New World Immigrants: List of Passengers 1654 to 1664 edited by Michael Tepper (hereafter NWI)
- Emigrants to New Netherland by Rosalie Fellows Bailey, , NYGBR;
vol 94 no 4 pp 193-200 (hereafter ENN)
- De Scheepvaart en handel van de Nederlandse
Republiek op Nieuw-Nederland 1609-1675 unpublished thesis by Jaap Jacobs [hereafter JJ][Olive Tree Genealogy database]
- The records of New Amsterdam from 1653 to 1674 [hereafter RNA] [an online book from Ancestry.com]
Joris Rapalje and Catalina Trico were married in Amsterdam on January 21, and we know from her depositions that they sailed on this ship.
Jean Monfort and his wife Jacqueline Moreau and their son Pierre (and any other children still living) also sailed on the Eendracht. [Source: Attestation from Amsterdam's Walloon Church on January 23 "pour le West Indes" as outlined in 375th Anniversary of the Eendracht and Nieuw Nederlandby Harry Macy, Jr., F.A.S.G., F.G.B.S Originally published in The NYG&B Newsletter, Winter 1999]
Ghislain and Adrienne (Cuvellier) Vigne and their children Marie, Christine, and Rachel were on either Niew Nederland or De Eendracht, as their son Jan would be the first male child born in the new colony. [Source: 375th Anniversary of the Eendracht and Nieuw Nederlandby Harry Macy, Jr., F.A.S.G., F.G.B.S Originally published in The NYG&B Newsletter, Winter 1999]
Search for an ancestor on 81 ships sailing to New Netherland (New York) 1624 to 1664